|Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) is a set of specifications for making structured open repository metadata accessible to other service providers issuing requests.
Why learn about OAI-PMH?
Taking advantage of repositories (data providers) and services (service providers) that offer metadata using OAI-PMH will allow your resources better visibility and access. For example, many discovery services (the “harvester”) use OAI-PMH metadata for indexing open access institutional repository articles.
Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) specifies how metadata is structured and presented for ingestion by external services, usually on the Internet. OAI-PMH metadata is encoded in extensible markup language (XML) format. OAI-PMH records are harvested using HTTP requests.
OAI-PMH is a project of the Open Archives Initiative.
Continue reading “OAI-PMH: Basics and Resources”
Last year we created a Basics and Resources series to introduce some common library technology topics. As you can guess from the name, in each article we introduced the basic concepts and listed resources where you could learn more. Based on feedback, these articles proved very popular and we will be posting more in the coming year.
The Basics and Resources articles from 2016 were:
Linked Data is a set of practices which involves the publishing, sharing, and connecting of related data across the Web in a structured format, preferably using an open access license.
Read Linked Data: Basics and Resources.
BIBFRAME is a bibliographic framework for the description of physical and online objects to make them accessible on the Web by using a standard Linked Data model. It is a replacement for MARC.
Read BIBFRAME: Basics and Resources.
Altmetrics are “alternative metrics” to measure the influence and reach of scholarly output on the Web through peer-review counts, influential news sites and blog posts, citation manager bookmarks such as Mendeley, Wikipedia citations, and social media mentions on sites such as Twitter and Facebook.
Read Altmetrics: Basics and Resources.
API stands for Application Programming Interface which allows external applications to access software or Web services data, in the latter case by using HTTP request messages, for recombination (mashup) or custom presentation by the external application.
Read API: Basics and Resources.
We will keep a current list on the Basics and Resources Series page.
With 2017 just started, we are looking forward to this year’s batch of annual library conferences. The list below covers large library technology conferences as well as the major conferences where technology will be discussed.
||ALA Midwinter Meeting, Atlanta, GA
||Code4Lib 2017, Los Angeles, CA
||Library Technology Conference 2017, St. Paul, MN
||Computers in Libraries 2017, Arlington, VA
||12th Annual ER&L Conference, Austin, TX
||Designing for Digital, Austin, TX
||DPLAfest 2017, Chicago, IL
||SLA Annual Conference 2017, Phoenix, AZ
||Joint Conference on Digital Libraries 2017, Toronto, Canada
||ALA Annual Conference 2017, Chicago, IL
||IFLA World Library and Information Congress, Wrocław, Poland
||ASIS&T Annual Meeting 2017, Washington, DC
||Charleston Conference, Charleston, SC
||PLA Conference 2018, Philadelphia, PA
For more comprehensive lists, see Douglas Hasty’s Library Conference Planner website or D-Lib Magazine.
We continue our celebration of Open Access Week.
While open access repositories and journals are free for end users, they do cost money to set up and maintain. Forward-thinking libraries are beginning to allocate funds to support open access resources.
Here are some open access resources you should consider supporting.
BioMed Central contains over 290 peer-reviewed journals in Biology, Clinical Medicine, and Health. Your library can get an institutional membership to manage Article Processing Charges (APCs).
Knowledge Unlatched creates packages of scholarly books in the humanities and social studies which are “unlatched” to become open access ebooks through membership contributions. The first two rounds allowed the release of over 100 titles, made available for free via the HathiTrust Digital Library and OAPEN. The pledging period for the next collection, KU Select 2016, runs through January 31, 2017.
Open Library is an initiative of the Internet Archive with “one web page for every book” ever published. Users can read public domain “classic books” for free or borrow up to five titles for two weeks each. Users can contribute by adding books or editing records. Sign up for a personal account or register your library to provide in-library loans for users on your library network.
Open Library of Humanities
The Open Library of Humanities (OLH) is a UK-based open access publishing platform for scholarly peer-reviewed articles. The OLH charges no author fees, but is “funded by an international consortium of libraries” along with grants from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Annual fees range from $534 to $1,600 based on institution size. US libraries can join through LYRASIS at lyrasis.openlibhums.org.
Add PLOS ONE (and other PLOS publications) to your library’s databases list and activate PLOS ONE in your discovery service. There are several ways you can get involved. You and your institution’s faculty can publish in PLOS. Your library can become an institutional member to handle Article Processing Charges (APCs) for your faculty. Or you can simply donate to PLOS. See www.plos.org/get-involved.
International Open Access Week starts today and runs from October 24–30, 2016. For all of the details, visit www.openaccessweek.org.
This year’s theme is “open in action” with an emphasis on how you can take practical steps to implement open access in your library or support its growth.
Ways to Participate
Many organizations which embrace and promote open access are sponsoring events to encourage participation in open access resources. Here are just a few of them.
Open Access Week Commitment
The Open Access Week organization is asking librarians to sign up and take “concrete steps to open up research and scholarship and encourag[e] others to do the same”. Sign up at www.action.openaccessweek.org.
Follow on Social Media
Follow and use the Twitter hashtag #OAWeek.
Get an ORCID iD
Do you have an ORCID iD? ORCID stands for Open Researcher and Contributor ID and is a unique 16-digit number which distinguishes you from other researchers in online resources. Register for an ORCID iD at orcid.org/register.
The Coalition of Open Access Policy Institutions (COAPI) exists to allow member libraries to help develop and share open access policies. Sponsored by SPARC (the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition), COAPI offers best practices and advocacy for open access. To become a member library, see sparcopen.org/become-a-member.
Support Open Access Resources
While open access repositories and journals are free for end users, they do cost money to set up and maintain. Forward-thinking libraries are beginning to allocate funds to support open access resources (and to support faculty who want to contribute articles to them). Here’s how you can support open access resources.
Join the FOLIO Project
FOLIO stands for the Future of Libraries is Open, an open source library services platform. Learn more about it by reading our recent FOLIO: An Open Library Services Platform article. Work has progressed swiftly since its introduction in June 2016. Join the FOLIO Project Discussion site to get involved.
Bake Some Cookies
Think open access only applies to online resources? You can bake your very own cookies in the shape of the open access logo with a cookie cutter printed from your 3D printer using some open access cookie cutter printer files. The scalable files are in .stl and .dae format and were created by Chip Wolfe from Hunt Library at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University. Download the open access cookie cutter files.